American Imperialism Web-based Inquiry

Historical Context:  By the late 1800s and early 1900s, the United States fulfilled its Manifest Destiny of extending its borders from sea to shining sea, reached new technological heights through the industrial revolution and had bustling cities that rivaled many of the imperial empires in Europe.  Now, the U. S. wanted to expand its borders even further and yearned for an empire of its own.   This progressive movement was a break from the traditional American foreign policy and was a reflection of the growing desire of many Americans to make their presence known on the world scene.    

Your Task: Using the blue highlighted links and your American Journey text answer the following questions in your notebooks.

Area 1 Expansion Over Seas

1)         Who was Alfred Thayer Mahan, and what was his argument for why the United States should have a strong Navy?

Extended Response:  What nation was the strongest imperial power during this time period?  Why?

            Scroll down the Letter to the Emperor section of this web page to answer questions 2-4.

2)         What was the purpose of Commodore Perry’s trip to Japan in 1853?

3)         What did the Japanese agree to in this letter from U.S. President Fillmore? Why?

4)         Why did the United States Navy come back with eight warships in February 1854?    

5)         In March of 1867 the United States purchased Alaska from the Russians for how much?    Why was this purchase known as Seward’s Folly?  Why did this perception change in the 1890s?   Here is some further information about Seward's Folly and the purchase of Alaska!

  6)         What other areas did Seward believe the United States should acquire in the Pacific?

7)         Who was Sanford B. Dole?

 

Area 2 Spanish American War

1)         Describe the reward offered for the "detection of the Perpetrator of the Maine Outrage."    (How much, and who posted it?) What new evidence suggests the explosion may have been an accident?

2)         Explore the Headline Gallery and select one of the samples. Write down the headline. Explain how this might have inflamed American passions for war.

3)         Who is called the "father of Yellow Journalism"?  Why?

4)          Private Manning, a member of the 33rd Michigan Volunteer Infantry, was the first soldier of the war to have what? 

5)           In April 1898 Senator Henry M. Teller (Colorado) proposed an amendment to the U.S. declaration of war against Spain.  What did this amendment say? What was the Platt Amendment?

6)          Who commanded the "Rough Riders", and what was this unit's official name?

7)          John Hay, Secretary of State, wrote a letter to Theodore Roosevelt describing   the Spanish-American war as
                                            "________________________________________"

8)         What disease caused more American casualties in Cuba than Spanish bullets?  Who led the battle against it, and what were the symptoms?

 

Area 3 Progressivism and Anti-Imperialism

1)         What was the Anti-Imperialist League?  Describe completely the issues this organization addressed.

2)         What prominent individuals from this time period were involved with this group? (Hint--You need to find 5 members mentioned in the article---YES they are all there!)

3)         When the United States refused to give the Philippines their independence, who led the Filipino forces in opposition to the U.S.?  What kind of war was it? (Scroll down to RENEWED CONFLICT IN THE PHILIPPINES)

4)         Why did many suffragists consider themselves to be victims of “Domestic     Imperialism?”   Why did other suffragists support American Imperialism?

           

Area 4 Spheres Of Influence

1)         What was the Open Door Policy and why did John Hay want to implement this policy?  Be sure to define spheres of influence in your explanation.

2)         What countries were involved in this agreement?           

3)         Explain fully the Boxer Rebellion.

4)         What was the Roosevelt Corollary?  How many times did the U.S. send troops to Latin America between the eve of the Spanish-American and the dawn of the Great Depression?

5)         What was the Monroe Doctrine?  How did Roosevelt justify using this document as part off his policy in Latin America?

6)         How did Roosevelt use the ideas mentioned above to acquire land for the Panama Canal?   Why did Roosevelt consider the Canal to be his greatest achievement as President? 

Identify completely the following using your American Journey text in your notebook:

Unit Summary
 Historical Context:  By the late 1800s and early 1900s, the United States fulfilled its Manifest Destiny of extending its borders from sea to shining sea, had reached new technological heights through the industrial revolution and had bustling cities that rivaled many of the imperial empires in Europe.  Now, the U. S. wanted to expand its borders even further and yearned for an empire of its own.   This progressive movement was a break from the traditional American foreign policy and was a reflection of the growing desire of many Americans to make their presence known on the world scene.    

Write a well-constructed essay including the following the day of the test:

Please Note --- Prior to the day of the test:

Your Task:

-List and describe fully three ways the United States gained influence in world affairs during the 

 Age of Imperialism / Progressive Era. 

-Be sure to use specific examples from your Imperialism Web Inquiry.

-Be sure your thesis is supported through the body and conclusion.

-Be sure the essay has clarity and answers the question.

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