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Flu Facts for Parents

Filed in District by on February 28, 2018

The Bethlehem Central School District community has seen some influenza (flu) activity this season, but it appears to be typical for this time of year.

While the district is constantly working closely with school nurses to monitor these conditions, there are things that you as a parent can do to protect your child(ren) and prevent the flu from spreading.

Flu memo from the New York State Health Department and the New York State Education Department – Feb. 22, 2018 [PDF].

Is the flu more serious for kids?

Infants and young children are at greater risk for getting seriously ill from the flu. That’s why the New York State Department of Health recommends that all children 6 months and older get the flu vaccine.

Flu vaccine may save your child’s life.

Most people with the flu are sick for about a week, and then they feel better. But, some people, especially young children, pregnant women, older people, and people with chronic health problems, can get very sick. Some can even die. An annual vaccine is the best way to protect your child from the flu. The vaccine is recommended for everyone 6 months and older every year.

What is the flu?

The flu, or influenza, is an infection of the nose, throat, and lungs. The flu can spread from person to person.

What is the difference between a cold and the flu?

The flu and the common cold are both respiratory illnesses but they are caused by different viruses. Because these two types of illnesses have similar symptoms, it can be difficult to tell the difference between them based on symptoms alone. In general, the flu is worse than the common cold, and symptoms are more common and intense. Colds are usually milder than the flu. People with colds are more likely to have a runny or stuffy nose. Colds generally do not result in serious health problems, such as pneumonia, bacterial infections, or hospitalizations. Flu can have very serious associated complications.

How can I protect my child against the flu?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the first and most important thing you can do is to get a flu vaccine for your child. Talk to your doctor.

  • Vaccination is recommended for everyone 6 months of age and older.
  • Children younger than 9 years old who get a vaccine for the first time need two doses.

How else can I protect my child?

  • Get the flu vaccine for yourself.
  • Encourage your child’s close contacts to get the flu vaccine, too. This is very important if your child is younger than 5, or if he or she has a chronic health problem such as asthma (breathing disease) or diabetes (high blood sugar levels). Because children under 6 months can’t be vaccinated, they rely on those around them to get an annual flu vaccine.
  • Wash your hands often and cover your coughs and sneezes. It’s best to use a tissue and quickly throw it away. If you don’t have a tissue, cough or sneeze into your upper sleeve, not your hands. This will prevent the spread of germs.
  • Tell your children to:
    • Stay away from people who are sick;
    • Clean their hands often;
    • Keep their hands away from their face; and
    • Cover coughs and sneezes to protect others.

What are the signs of the flu?

The flu comes on suddenly. Most people with the flu feel very tired and have a high fever, headache, dry cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, and sore muscles. Some people, especially children, may also have stomach problems and diarrhea. The cough can last two or more weeks.

How does the flu spread?

People who have the flu usually cough, sneeze, and have a runny nose. The droplets in a cough, sneeze or runny nose contain the flu virus. Other people can get the flu by breathing in these droplets or by getting them in their nose or mouth.

How long can a sick person spread the flu to others?

Most healthy adults may be able to spread the flu from one day before getting sick to up to 5 days after getting sick. This can be longer in children and in people who don’t fight disease as well (people with weaker immune systems).

What should I use to clean hands?

Wash your children’s hands with soap and water. Wash them for as long as it takes to sing the “Happy Birthday” song twice. 

What can I do if my child gets sick?

  • Make sure your child gets plenty of rest and drinks lots of fluids.
  • Talk with your child’s health care provider before giving your child over-the-counter medicine.
  • Never give your child or teen aspirin, or medicine that has aspirin in it. It can cause serious problems.
  • Call your child’s health care provider if your child develops flu symptoms and is younger than 5 or has a chronic medical condition like asthma, diabetes, or heart or lung disease.
  • If you are worried about your child’s illness, call your health care provider.

Can my child go to school or day care if he or she is sick?

No. Your child should stay home to rest and to avoid giving the flu to other children or caregivers.

When can my child go back to school after having the flu?

Keep children home for at least 24 hours after their fever is gone. (Fever should be gone without the use of a fever-reducing medicine.) A fever is defined as 100°F (37.8°C) or higher.

For more information about the flu, visit or